Fort

Salzburg's whole municipal scene is subjugated by the quaint fortress of Hohensalzburg, located to the south of the old township on the southeastern summit of the Mönchsberg 400feet above the Salzach. It can be reached on foot either from Kapitelplatz by way of Festungsgasse or from the Mönchsberg via the Schartentor. The fortress, first constructed in 1077 in the sovereignty of Archbishop Gebhard, dates in its present form chiefly from about 1500, during the supremacy of Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach, whose heraldic contrivance, a turnip, is everywhere to be seen.   In the Golden Room ("Goldene Stube") note the marble doorways, the doors enclosed in tendrils fashioned from wrought iron, and a gorgeous tiled stove of 1501.

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