Dotted with huge walls, corridors, courtyard and towers, the Royal Palace is an example of the architectural marvel of the ancient Thanjavur. This massive structure was built by Nayak rulers in the 16th century and fascinates the visitors with its superb architecture and charm. It now houses a royal museum, art gallery and library exhibiting the artifacts from the period of the Cholas. You can see various bronze and granite statues, royal clothing, hunting weapons and headgears of the rulers of Thanjavur that attract your attention. The Saraswathi Mahal Library located inside the palace houses a wonderful collection of various manuscripts written on palm leaves and paper in Indian and European languages.