Caesarea is a small metropolis on the Mediterranean coast on the way between Tel Aviv and Haifa. It is known largely for its splendid past as a Roman city. The conurbation was given as a souvenir to King Herod the Great by Caesar Augustus in the year 30 BCE. Herod named the conurbation after his Caesar. Cesarea was essentially the capital of Israel for a few centuries after being established by Herod. In later times Byzantine Cesarea grew even bigger than during Herod’s time and when emperor Anastasius was in power, there were many public edifices, shops as well as ahippodrome - an arena for horse and chariot races in ancient Greece and Rome.