From Kirkenes and Vadsø there are boat services to Vardø, the most easterly township in Norway, which received its municipal charter in 1788. The North Harbor, protected by two breakwaters, is the foot of a substantial fishing fleet which brings in most of the town's income. Note the huge racks for drying stockfish. Fridtjof Nansen sailed from Vardø in the "Fram" on July 21 1893 on a journey which took him to latitude 86°4' north, returning to Norwegian soil here in 1896. Vardø is linked with the mainland by a road channel running under the sea. Vardø is renowned in birding circles for the plentiful diversity of bird species that are found, chiefly at the Hornoya Nature Reserve, an island just outside the port.