The history of the Andaman and Nicobar islands starts in the first millennium. The Chinese named the island as Yeng t Omag. The island also got place in the world’s first map. The Persian geographer tagged the island as fortune islands in the sixth century. The Arab travelers, during the eight century, mentioned the islands as lakhabalus. The past history of Andaman and Nicobar Islands suggests that Marco Polo was amongst the first travelers from the western countries to reach this group of islands. The history dates back to the period when the East India Company occupied this place as their territory. The East India Company recognized it as a punishing outpost where criminals and convicted were kept in exile.
The Andaman and Nicobar Island was fully colonized by the British people and Portuguese naval forces after defeating the Kanhoji Angre sovereignty. During the 19 the century, the islands was used as British India government punishing outpost. The cellular jail in the islands is the burial ground for several Indians who fought for Indian independence. The place is mentioned as Kalapani. The criminal are jailed in the cellular jail for their life time and the death sentenced convicts were forced to live their lives in Kalapani by hanging until death. The group of islands gained independence in 1947. Andaman and Nicobar Islands are amongst the seven union territories of India.