History of Panipat


Panipat boasts of a great history associated with the three pivotal battles fought here that were regarded as major turning point in the Indian history.


The first battle of Panipat occurred on 21 April, 1526 between Ibrahim Lodhi and Zaheeruddin Babur. In this battle, Lodhi got defeated and Babur got the reign of Delhi. Later on Babur’s son Humayun ruled the city but after the sudden death of Humayun in 1556, his 13 years old son Akbar ascended the throne of Delhi. Taking the advantage, Samat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, a Rewari King of North India marched towards Agra and soon captured the vast region of Agra and Delhi. The second battle of Panipat was fought between him and Akbar on 5 November 1556 at the battle field with support of Bairam Khan. Finally, Akbar conquered the battle and the Mughal Empire got established in North India and thus this battle played an important role in the expansion of Mughal rule in the country.


The third battle was fought on 14 January 1761 between Ahmad Shah Abdali, Afghan King and the Marathas. The war lasted for a long period of time and the battle field is now known as the LakaAmb. Thousands of lives were lost and at last Ahmad Shah won the battle defeating the Marathas.